We all love to get out and about playing our favourite sports, keeping fit in the gym or by going running outdoors. However, our bodies can suffer from strenuous activity or exercise leading to damaged joints, muscle injury and pain. We’ve analysed the most common sports injuries. Read our guidance on how to recover from common sports injuries and start
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
Unfortunately, if you have caused anterior cruciate ligament injury, the ligament is partially torn, totally torn or very stretched. The anterior cruciate ligament controls the back to the front of the knee and is made of up as one of two ligaments in the knee. The patient will incur a popping sound as the injury happens, instability of the whole knee and severe pain. This crucial ligament controls most of the knee and its movement to twist or pivot. Once torn or damaged, it rarely heals and the knee will be very unstable causing it to give way. This particular kind of injury is common with those regularly participate in physical high demand sports such as basketball, rugby and football. There are many ways in which damage to the ACL can occur. Recent research has shown that females have a higher occasion of harming their ACL than male athletes. It has been suggested that this could be due to muscular strength, neuromuscular control and physical conditioning.
Once the injury has occurred it is important to seek medical attention and advice. Depending on the severity of the damage you may require surgery to repair and allow your knee to fully function again.
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Sprains are injuries to ligaments, the tough bands connecting bones in a joint. Suddenly stretching these past their limits tears and deforms them or an awkward ankle twist inward can hurt one or more ligaments. More than likely, this causes damage to the outside of the ankle.
The severity of an ankle sprain can range from mild to severe. incur tenderness and swelling around the affected area, bruising, pain, stiffness and skin discolouration. Bearing weight on the damaged ankle will cause pain and should be avoided – try to rest with a compressed ice or heat pad and keep your foot elevated. Tendons, cartilage, and blood vessels might also be damaged due to the sprain. It is important to avoid all sports whilst your injury heals. In helping your sprained ankle heal, you could consider private physiotherapy treatment or go to your GP for further advice.
When a pulled hamstring occurs, a sudden sharp pain is felt at the back of the thigh. This can be during sport or athletic activity for example whilst stretching quickly, a high-kick or sprinting fast. Injuries to hamstring can be graded as 1, 2, or 3 depending on how bad they are. As soon as possible, an ice compression pack should be applied. A grade 1 could be a slight stretch of the muscle while being unable to work, intense swelling and bruising and in immense pain would be allocated as a grade 3. A doctor may refer you for an MRI scan which will pinpoint the location and severity of the injury. Thus, in turn, will give your consultants an idea of a prognosis and recommended recovery time. From here, a treatment plan will be created for you that include rehabilitation and a gentle exercise programme to get the hamstring moving again.
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